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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 89-91

First detection of Mycobacterium triplex in Latin America

1 National Reference Laboratory for Tuberculosis, Centro de Referência Professor Hélio Fraga, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2 Hospital Sanatório Partenon, Secretaria Estadual da Saude, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
3 Fundação Estadual de Produção e Pesquisa em Saúde, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
4 Emerging Bacterial Pathogens Unit, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Jesus Pais Ramos
National Reference Laboratory for Tuberculosis, Estrada da Curicica 2000, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 22780192
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmyco.2015.09.004

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In this study we describe the first isolation of Mycobacterium triplex in Latin America. This species causes infections in humans, with very few reports from around the world. We isolated two sputum specimens of a patient with a 6-year history of human immunodeficiency and tuberculosis treatment failure. All tests used confirmed M. triplex and the patient responded well to drug therapy for 18 months.

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