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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 190-198

A neutrophil-based test as an auxiliary tool for substantiating the diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis

1 Department of Immunology, National School of Biological Sciences, National Polytechnic Institute, Mexico City, México
2 Laboratory of Tuberculosis, National Institute of Forestry, Agricultural and Livestock Research, Mexico City, México

Correspondence Address:
Oscar Rojas-Espinosa
Department of Immunology, National School of Biological Sciences, National Polytechnic Institute, Carpio y Plan de Ayala S/n, Colonia Santo Tomás, 11410 Mexico City
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmy.ijmy_71_22

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Background: Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is still a prominent threat to animal health; lacking an efficient vaccine, other than BCG to get rid of tuberculosis, the most effective way for this is culling and slaughtering the infected animals. There are several cellular, serological, and molecular tests for the diagnosis of the disease but the most practical one at the field level is the double skin testing with bovine and aviary tuberculins. This is not a very specific test but is sensitive enough to identify most diseased animals; adjunct practical tests are desirable to strengthen the utility of skin tests. All lymphoid and myeloid cells participate, in diverse grades, in the immune response to tuberculosis with neutrophils playing an unintended pathologic role. The study aimed to investigate the response of neutrophils to agents present in the sera of tuberculous cows. Methods: We have developed a neutrophil-based test (N BT) to identify diseased cows within a herd suspected of having tuberculosis; a positive N BT correlates with a positive double skin test. In this test, healthy neutrophils are incubated with the sera of healthy or tuberculous cows for 3 and 6 h, and the nuclear morphologic changes are recorded and analyzed. Results: Sera from tuberculous but not from healthy cows induce nuclear alterations including pyknosis, swelling, apoptosis, and sometimes NETosis, in healthy neutrophils, and CFP 10 and ESAT 6 participate in the phenomenon. Conclusion: We propose the N BT as an auxiliary tool for substantiating the diagnosis of bTB reinforcing the PPD test outcome to help decide whether or not a cow should be sacrificed.

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